Oral and Maxillofacial Surgical Anatomy and Surgery (MUSZKK_017)
To acquire basic knowledge and skills to perform local dental anesthesia, simple exodontics, making cuts, suturing, jaw fixation manipulations on phantoms, so that the student can start classes in the clinic.
Human anatomy, histology, normal and pathologic physiology and diagnostic radiology.
Recognise anatomical structures of head and face from the point of view of a surgeon and describe operations on teeth, jaws and soft tissue of oro-maxillofacial region in normal and cases of inflammation, injuries, pathology of salivary glands, temporomandibular joint, lymphatic nods and vessels; describe clinical aspects of tissue reparative regeneration; demonstrate methods and instrumentation for anaesthesia and surgery, and first preclinical manual comprehensive skills in dental anaesthesia and exodontics. Must know the algorithm of emergency medical care.
The student must be able to demonstrate preparation for surgery, choice of surgical instruments and materials for dental operations, anesthesia and exodontics techniques on the phantom, wound suturing and intermaxillar ligatures on models.
Must be able to demonstrate preparation for surgery in the oral and maxillofacial region: mask, hat, glasses, hand wash, sterile gown and gloves.
Must be able to demonstrate dental local anesthesia: selection and assembly of injector, needle and plunger for use, infiltration, mandibular, n. palatinus major, n. nasopalatinus, n. mental anesthesia on the manikin, transfer of the needle and plunger for disposal, transfer of the injector for sterilization.
Must be able to demonstrate tooth extraction on a mannequin: dental chair and lighting adjustment, choice of instruments, surgeon's position, left hand position, gingival application, pushing, fixation, tooth luxation and removal, alveolar edge repositioning and tampon application.
Must be able to demonstrate incision, suturing and removal: selection of instruments and materials, incision planning and making, suturing, thread tying and cutting, suture removal on the pattern.
Must be able to demonstrate fixation of the mandibular ligature: choice of instruments and wire, application of Ivy and Ernst ligatures, cutting and bending of wire ends. Jaw splints.
Using the WAND injector.
Must be able to demonstrate cardiopulmonary resuscitation on a mannequin: assessment of condition, breathing, heart massage.
On successful completion of the course the students will be able to start clinical training for dental anaesthesia, simple exodontics, incision, sutures, intermaxillar fixation.