Pathological Anatomy (PAK_006)
This course is designed to deepen knowledge of fundamental cellular and molecular biology problems, to develop practical skills and competences in cell structure microscopical and ultra structural analysis. The course focuses on the essential principles of cell structure and activities accompanied by a description of commonly used techniques and equipment. This course provides the possibility to combine a theoretical knowledge and practical demonstrations, and increase our understanding of the cellular base of physiological and pathological processes and their significance.
Previously acquired knowledge of biology, human anatomy, human histology, genetics, physiology and biochemistry.
Students will be able to describe basic properties of cells and main cell types, modern methods used for study of cells, components of biological membranes and their role in maintenance of cell function, cellular organelles and main events attributed to the cytoplasmatic organelles, tissue adaption, tissue barriers, biocompatibility; cell and tissue examination methods and novel possibilities.
Using bright field optics and examining paraffin embedded tissue sections, students will be able to distinguish the major cell components, will be introduced to commonly used staining techniques; will be able to evaluate a specialized cell shape and size, and structurally based communications as well as identify major artifacts appearing due to unadequate sample processing.
Student will be able to recognize in the microscope: main tissue groups, structure of the main organs; to evaluate quality, informability, interactions and localization of the seen tissue structures in the histological slides; will be able to document cell biology and histology slides and to work with the special literature.