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Studiju programma
Agrita Puzuka

Study Course Description

Course Description Statuss:Approved
Course Description Version:5.00
Study Course Accepted:14.01.2020
Study Course Information
Course Code:BUMK_024LQF level:Level 6
Credit Points:4.00ECTS:6.00
Branch of Science:BiologyTarget Audience:Medical Services
Study Course Supervisor
Course Supervisor:Agrita Puzuka
Study Course Implementer
Structural Unit:Department of Biology and Microbiology
The Head of Structural Unit:Juta Kroiča
Contacts:Rīga, Dzirciema iela 16, bmkatrsu[pnkts]lv, +371 67061584
Study Course Planning
Full-Time - 1. Semester No.
Lectures (number)10Lecture Length (academic hours)2Total Contact Hours of Lectures20
Classes (number)10Class Length (academic hours)2Total Contact Hours of Classes20
Total Contact Hours40
Lectures (number)10Lecture Length (academic hours)2Total Contact Hours of Lectures20
Classes (number)10Class Length (academic hours)2Total Contact Hours of Classes20
Total Contact Hours40
Study course description
Preliminary Knowledge:
Required knowledge of general biology according to high school curriculum.
To provide students with a theoretical knowledge base in biology with an emphasis on those aspects of biology that are important to a public health professional.
Topic Layout (Full-Time)
No.TopicType of ImplementationNumberVenue
1Biology, its research areas. Diversity of life forms. Prokaryotes. Eikaryot.Lectures1.00auditorium
2Cell as the basic unit of the body. Eukaryotic cell building elements, their characteristics, functions, pathology.Lectures1.00auditorium
3Genetic information storage posibilities. DNS. Chromatin. Chromosomes.Lectures1.00auditorium
4Basics of molecular biology. DNA replication. Gene expression: transcription, translation.Lectures1.00auditorium
5Cell cycle. Somatic cell division (mitosis). Cell cycle regulation. Cell death.Lectures1.00auditorium
6Germ cell division (meiosis). Gametogenesis (oogenesis, spermatogenesis). Cell division defects and human pathology.Lectures1.00auditorium
7Biological basis of fertilization. Main events of embryonic development. Teratogenic effects on embryo development.Lectures1.00auditorium
8Basics of genetics. Mendelian laws. Mono-, di, poly-hybrid cross. Test-cross. Allelic gene interaction.Lectures1.00auditorium
9Gene interaction. Non-allelic gene interaction. Gene linkage.Lectures1.00auditorium
10Monogenic types of inheritance. Autosomal and sex linked inheritance.Lectures1.00auditorium
11Variability, its impact on the individual and the population. Alterations in genes, chromosomes, and genomes, their consequences.Lectures1.00auditorium
12Role of genes and environment in origin of traits. Multifactorial type of inheritance.Lectures1.00auditorium
13The effect of natural selection and gene drift on the population. Population genetics.Lectures1.00auditorium
14Ecology. Basic branches and methodology of ecological research. Limitations.Lectures1.00auditorium
15Abiotic factors – light, temperature and humidity.Lectures1.00auditorium
16Biomes, types, characteristics.Lectures1.00auditorium
17Populations and biocenoses. Biodiversity.Lectures1.00auditorium
18Basic issues of nature protection.Lectures1.00auditorium
19Plants, their importance in medicine.Lectures1.00auditorium
20Toxic plants and animals in Latvia.Lectures1.00auditorium
21Microscope and microscopy. Prokaryotes and eukaryotes.Classes1.00auditorium
22Properties of plasma membrane. Osmotic properties of plant and animal cells (temporary slides).Classes1.00auditorium
23Eukaryotic cell structure. Specialized eukaryotic cells (microscopic slides). Group work: organoid defect – cause of human pathology.Classes1.00auditorium
24The nucleus of a cell. The chromosomes. Metaphase plate analysis (microscopic slides).Classes1.00auditorium
25Presentations of group work "Basis of Molecular Biology". Practical work: DNA extraction from kiwi.Classes1.00auditorium
26Mitosis in animal and plant cells (microscopic slides and scheme analysis). Gametogenesis (microscopic slides).Classes1.00auditorium
27Colloquium (the cell)Classes1.00auditorium
28Problem solving: Mendelian genetics, gene interactions.Classes1.00auditorium
29Problem solving: gene interaction, gene linkage.Classes1.00auditorium
30Analysis of types of inheritance. Group work: construction and analysis of pedigree.Classes1.00auditorium
31Alteration on genes, chromosomes, genome. Discussion. Problem solving.Classes1.00auditorium
32Multifactorial type of inheritatnce. Discussion. Problem solving.Classes1.00auditorium
33Population genetics. Discussion. Problem solving.Classes1.00auditorium
34Colloquium (the genetics).Classes1.00auditorium
35Adaptation of organisms to limiting factors. Situation analysis.Classes1.00auditorium
36Presentation and discussion of group work “The Baltic Sea. Ecological Problems and Solutions".Classes1.00auditorium
37Analysis of biomes, populations, biocenoses. Discussion.Classes1.00auditorium
38Plant adaptation to ecological niche. Excursion to the botanical garden.Classes1.00auditorium
39Presentation and discussion of group work “Ecological problems and their solutions”.Classes1.00auditorium
40Colloquium (the ecology).Classes1.00auditorium
Unaided Work:
In 1st semester, students independently prepare a group work – presentation "Genetic Information Realization Processes", according to pre-defined criteria, develop individual work "My Family Tree" and present it in the lesson. In 2nd semester, students prepare individual work – analyse the role of enviroment in the origin of a multifactorial trait, as well as prepare a presentation of group work on "Ecological problems and their solutions".
Assessment Criteria:
Students' participation in practical classes, weekly tests abaut particular theory topics, ability to explain the results obtained in practical work, making conclusions according to the obtained results are evaluated. Students' knowledge and skills are assessed in colloquia during the 1st and 2nd semesters.
Final Examination (Full-Time):Exam
Final Examination (Part-Time):
Learning Outcomes
Knowledge:Students will gain an understanding of the structure, functions and dysfunctions of the cell – a basic unit of living organisms, the role of genetic processes in health maintenance and disease development, the impact of adverse environmental factors role of organisms in nature and human life, interaction of living organisms with environment, including human interaction with environment, nature protection, especially in Latvia, Latvian and global environmental problems.
Skills:Students will acquire skills of working with light microscope and preparation of microscopic slides, as well as simple calculations of genetic problems to predict the potential frequency of genetic pathology in a family, to use basic ecological research methods.
Competencies:Students will acquire basic knowledge about human as a biological being and understanding of human place and its relation with the nature.
1Lekciju materiāls (e-studijās)
2Krumiņa A., Baumanis V. Eikariotu šūnu bioloģija, RSU izdevniecība, 2015
3Turnpenny P.D., & Ellard S., Emery's Elements of Medical Genetics, 15th Edition, Elsevier, 2017
4Melencis V., Ekoloģija, LU Akadēmiskais apgāds, 2011
1Balodis V Ģ u.c., Rokasgrāmata bioloģijā, Zvaigzne ABC, 2015
1The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM)
2Madera S. Bioloģija I, II un III daļa, Zvaigzne ABC, 2001.