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Supervisor
Jeļena Reste

Study Course Description

Course Description Statuss:Approved
Course Description Version:4.00
Study Course Accepted:02.04.2020
Study Course Information
Course Code:AUVMK_001LQF level:Level 7
Credit Points:2.00ECTS:3.00
Branch of Science:Medicine; Public HealthTarget Audience:Medicine
Study Course Supervisor
Course Supervisor:Jeļena Reste
Study Course Implementer
Structural Unit:Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
The Head of Structural Unit:Maija Eglīte
Contacts:Rīga, Dzirciema iela 16, avmkatrsu[pnkts]lv, +371 67060816
Study Course Planning
Full-Time - 1. Semester No.
Lectures (number)2Lecture Length (academic hours)2Total Contact Hours of Lectures4
Classes (number)9Class Length (academic hours)4Total Contact Hours of Classes36
Total Contact Hours40
Study course description
Preliminary Knowledge:
Chemistry, biochemistry, physics, microbiology, environmental health, internal medicine, neurology and physiology.
Objective:
To acquire knowledge of the role of various occupational risk factors (physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic, mechanical); their identification, evaluation, control, prevention or reduction and their influence on the health of employees. To acquire skills in occupational disease etiology, pathogenesis, prevention treatment and rehabilitation.
Topic Layout (Full-Time)
No.TopicType of ImplementationNumberVenue
1Occupational health and occupational medicine. Occupational diseases.Lectures1.00auditorium
2Occupational diseases of health care workers. Occupational health problems of young people, women, and elderly.Lectures1.00auditorium
3Risk factors in working environment. Hazard, harmful situation, harm, risk. Risk evaluation, management. Workplace preventive measures. Ergonomics. Personal protective equipment.Classes1.00auditorium
4Hygienic assessment of the non-medical professions and working objects. Reports on problems and improvement of working conditions.Classes1.00auditorium
5Health care establishment environment as patient’s treatment factor. Characteristic hazards at work of the medical personnel. The pending matters in different specialties in health care sphere.Classes1.00auditorium
6Tasks of Occupational medicine, legislation. The role of the family doctor in occupational medicine. Obligatory health examination of employees. List of occupational diseases. Principles of investigation and registration of occupational disease. Register of occupational diseases patients and the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (NPP) accident victims.Classes1.00auditorium
7Occupational respiratory diseases resulting from dust, irritant and chemical substances. Diseases of upper respiratory tract. Pneumoconiosis. Asbestosis and other asbestos related diseases. Bronchitis caused by dust. Occupational diseases resulting from organic dust exposure.Classes1.00clinical base
8Occupational allergic diseases. Occupational diseases resulting from chemical exposures. Poisoning to heavy metals, mercury, chromium, cadmium, and lead. Poisoning to organic solvents.Classes1.00clinical base
9Physical overload related occupational diseases. Occupational musculoskeletal and connective tissue diseases. Diseases of peripheral nervous system. Compression neuropathies.Classes1.00clinical base
10Occupational diseases caused by vibration, noise and other physical factors. Vibration disease. Ionizing radiation induced acute and chronic health problems. The main health problems of Chernobyl NPP accident clean-up workers.Classes1.00clinical base
11Biological risk factors in the work environment. Occupational infectious diseases (tuberculosis, viral hepatitis). Occupational oncological diseases. Occupational stress. Psycho-emotional burnout syndrome.Classes1.00clinical base
Assessment
Unaided Work:
Acquisition of extended knowledge, skills and competence from the training materials in e-study environment, from presentations, discussions on the students’ reports, essays and research. Hygienic inspection of health care institution (hospital’s in-patient, out-patient department, etc.) and development of a project for improvement of treatment environment and workplace conditions. Analysis of clinical case reports and situation tasks.
Assessment Criteria:
In the assessment of student’s knowledge, the total individual contribution and quality of work during the whole course is taken into account: • participation and activity in practical classes, successful implementation of lecturer's assigned tasks (35%); • topicality of the independent work and quality of presentations (35%); • regular tests on issues of occupational medicine and occupational diseases during the course and at the end of the course (30%). Method of testing: cumulative exam
Final Examination (Full-Time):Exam
Final Examination (Part-Time):
Learning Outcomes
Knowledge:Students will obtain basic knowledge of occupational medicine and occupational diseases and they will be able to describe: • the significance, principles, trends and challenges of occupational medicine and occupational health; • the impact of occupational hazards on the human body; • forecasting of occupational risk factors, methods of measurement, basics of assessment, laws and regulations related to occupational health; • key issues of ergonomics, the role and the methods applied in different working environments; • elaboration of preventive measures and work safety monitoring; • preventive measures against nosocomial infections; • the risk of occupational diseases caused by occupational factors, their etiology, pathogenesis, treatment, rehabilitation and prevention.
Skills:Students will be able to: • find necessary information in literature and Internet data bases about occupational hazards and occupational medicine issues; • measure, evaluate and interpret the impact of various environmental and occupational factors on the human body and health; • inspect the hygienic conditions of various occupational objects, revealing hazardous occupational factors for the human health; • evaluate the changes in human body in relation to impact of occupational hazards; • recognize the signs of occupational diseases caused by most widely spread physical, chemical, ergonomic, biological and psycho-emotional factors; recognize the typical symptoms and forms of occupational diseases, choose the most appropriate method of treatment and rehabilitation.
Competencies:Students will be able to: • classify and assess the level of risk for patient, employee, society and environment; • advise people on occupational hazards, patients’ rights, the process of occupational expertise, and prevention of occupational diseases; • work out preventive measures of reduction of occupational hazards; • apply the main laws, regulations and documentation related to the issues of occupational health and occupational medicine; • discuss issues of occupational health and occupational medicine within the occupational health team and participate in its work; • elaborate proposals, plan and introduce measures for improvement of treatment and working conditions, reduce gaps in work organization.
Bibliography
No.Reference
1Vides veselība. RSU, 2008.
2Eglīte M. Darba medicīna. 2. izd. – Rīga, 2012.
3Dundurs J. Environmental & Occupational Medicine. RSU, 2015.
1Information notices on occupational diseases: a guide to diagnosis. European Commission Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2009.
2Kaļķis V. Darba vides risku novērtēšanas metodes // Rīga, Latvijas izglītības fonds, 2008.
3Roja Ž. Ergonomikas pamati. Rīga, Izdevniecība SIA “Drukātava”, 2008.
4LaDou Joseph, Harrison Robert J. Current Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Fifth Edition. McGraw-Hill Education, 2014.
1Rosenstock L., Cullen M.R., Brodkin C.A., Redlich C.A. Textbook of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2005. 1338 p.
2Better Health: Costs, Benefits and Sustainability of Interventions to Protect and Promote Health. World Health Organization, Geneva, 2008.
3International Labour Organization. Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health & Safety http://www.iloencyclopaedia.org/
4National Institute of Health. Information on Hazardous Chemicals and Occupational Diseases https://hazmap.nlm.nih.gov/
5Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/
6European Agency for Safety and Health at Work https://osha.europa.eu/en
7Eiropas darba drošības un veselības aizsardzības aģentūra. Publikācijas. http://osha.lv/lv/publications
8World Health Organization. Health topics. Occupational health. http://www.who.int/topics/occupational_health/en/
9WHO Regional Office for Europe. Occupational health http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/environment-and-he…
10International Labour Organization. Publications. http://www.ilo.org/global/publications/lang--en/index.htm
11WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer. Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/PDFs/index.php
12WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer. Classification of the carcinogens. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Classification/
13National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Workplace Safety & Health Topics https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/