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Author guidelines

  1. Manuscripts should be submitted in Latvian or English. The preferable text length (including footnotes/notes) is 8 000–10 000 characters incl. spaces.
  2. Manuscripts are subject to review. If an article receives a positive review it will be published in the journal.
  3. The manuscript should contain:
    • Title (in Latvian and English), font – Times New Roman, font size – 14 pt, centered;
    • List of authors and their workplace – author’s name, surname and workplace (font – Times New Roman Bold, font size – 12 pt, centered), workplace address, including e-mail address and phone number (font – Times New Roman, font size – 12 pt, centered), authors should be listed in the alphabetical order by surname;
    • Abstract (in English), title Abstract (indent 1.27 cm, font – Times New Roman Bold, 10 pt), abstract text (font – Times New Roman Italic, 10pt), maximum length – 10 lines (1 500 characters), it should contain a short description of the research problem, and the author’s approach to solving the problem outlined in the manuscript or other information;
    • List of keywords (in English) – title Keywords (font – Times New Roman Bold, font size – 10 pt), list of keywords in alphabetical order (font – Times New Roman Italic, font size – 10 pt), maximum length – 2 lines (6 words);
    • Manuscript text – (font – Times New Roman, font size – 12 pt), chapter titles should be in bold and centered, all formulas, images, tables and other objects should be numbered, their titles/names should appear both in the original language and English, included in the text, centered – under the images (e.g., Image 1); above the tables (e.g., Table 1), text length – max. 10,000 characters;
    • Conclusions;
    • Summary (if the research paper is in Latvian, the summary should be in English, and vice versa) – titles Kopsavilkums or Summary, length – max. 4 000 characters;
    • Bibliography – titles Literatūra or Bibliography (font – Times New Roman Bold, font size – 10 pt, centered), numbered references (font – Times New Roman, font size – 10pt), each entry should start a new paragraph. Example: Lion, Baron & Marwel, Caro. (2019). Law and practice. Cambridge. Canwel University Press;
    • A blank line should be inserted between any two components of the paper.

References and sources

Bibliographical references in the text can be formatted in either of these two ways (but consistently throughout the article):
1) in square brackets by indicating the author and the year of publication of the respective book or article, for example [Becker, 2006], when it is particularly important to specify the author and the year of publication;
2) in square brackets by indicating the consecutive number of the source, as specified in the bibliography, and the quoted page, for example [1, 7], where 1 (Regular) represents the consecutive number of the source, and 7 (Italic) represents the page in the source material.

Information sources

1. Latvijas Republika. 01.07.1997. Ārstniecības likums: Latvijas Republikas likums. Latvijas Vēstnesis.
2. Ministru Kabinets. 30.12.2013. Veselības aprūpes organizēšanas un finansēšanas kārtība: MK noteikumi Nr. 1529. Latvijas Vēstnesis. 253. Literatūra:
3. Baker, L., Samon, E. 2019. Legal basis. 2018. The University of Cawel Press.


1. John Colville, The Fringes of Power: 10 Downing Street Diaries, 1939–1955 (New York: W. W. Norton, 1985), 651–52.
2. Cris Memberfild , Law and Parctice. (New York: Routledge, 2018), 217
3. Jānis Ferrers, Jurisdikcijas problemātika. (Rīga: Avots, 1999), 57.
4. Nainere, K. un Briedis, L. 2018. Civillikuma izaicinājumi. Rīga: Rīgas Stradiņa universitāte.

Chapter from a book

5. Kovels Bill, "What is law?" in Law and Politics, ed. E. I. Kouri and  Din Ford (London: Mannel, 1999), 321.
6. Kristaps Rudzītis, “Fantāzija, kustība, spīts”, no Profesors Pauls Stradiņš, red. ArnisŠmits et al. (Rīga: Latvijas PSR Zinātņu akadēmijas izdevniecība, 1961), 121–25.

Editions in volumes

7. The entire edition:
8. Frank Freidel, Franklin D. Roosevelt, 4 vols. (Boston: Little, Brown, 1952–1973).
9. H. H. Asquith, Memories and Reflections, 1852-1927, 2 vols. (Boston: Little, Brown, 1928).
10. Jānis Stradiņš et al., red., Latvieši un Latvija, 4 sēj. (Rīga: LZA Baltijas stratēģisko pētījumu centrs, 2014).

Dictionaries and encyclopaedias

11. Dennis H. Cremin, “Waterfront,” in The Encyclopedia of Chicago, ed. James R. Grossman, Ann Durkin Keating, and Janice L. Reiff (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004), 865.
12. Joels Veinbergs, “Belials un Sātans,” no Mitoloģijas enciklopēdija, red. Roberts Akmentiņš et al. (Rīga: Latvijas Enciklopēdija, 1993), 1:98

Electronic books 

13.  Books downloaded from the seller or library:
14. Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice (New York: Penguin Classics, 2007), Kindleedition.
15. Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice (New York: Penguin Classics, 2008), PDF e-book.
16. Books viewed on the internet:
17. Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner, eds., The Founders’ Constitution (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987),
18. Henry James, The Ambassadors (1909; Project Gutenberg, 1996), bk. 6, chap. 1, ftp:/

Articles in academic journals

19. Henry Kamen, “A Forgotten Insurrection of the Seventeenth Century: The Catalan Peasant Rising of 1688,” Journal of Modern History 49, no. 2 (June 1977): 224.
20. John B. Rosenmon, “The Rising Eye in Johnny Tremain,” Claflin College Review 3, no. 2 (1979): 45.
21. Susan S. Lukesh and R. Ross Holloway, “The Non-Fraud of the Middle Bronze
22. Andrejs Skaģers un Arnis Vīksna, “Akadēmiskās izglītības sākuma posms mutes, sejas un žokļu ķirurģijā Latvijā,” Latvijas Universitātes raksti. Zinātņu vēsture un muzejniecība 763 (2011): 65.
23. For electronic journals, indicate the DOI (if applicable) or URL:
24. Jeanette Kennett, “True and Proper Selves: Velleman on Love,” Ethics 118 (January 2008): 215, doi:10.1086/523747.
25. Frank P. Whitney, “The Six-Year High School in Cleveland,” School Review 37, no. 4 (1929): 268,

Internet resources

26. When listing internet resources, include the following information, if available: website title, author (if applicable), website owner or sponsor and the URL. Include the date of publishing or the date of the most recent amendments. If the aforementioned information is not available, indicate the date of the visit.
27. Tēraudkalns, V. 2004. Neveiksmīgās laulības sekas. [Sabiedriskās politikas portāls].
28. Blaikans, J. 2018. Uzņēmuma reģistra darbība. Available from: [sk. 05.11.2019.]

Article submission deadlines

Socrates is published in a single volume three times a year: in May, September and December.

  • 29 February – for the May edition
  • 30 May – for the September edition
  • 30 August – for the December edition

Submit articles via e-mail to socratesatrsu[pnkts]lv

Article submission and review fees

With the support of Rīga Stradiņš University, no fee is charged for submission, processing or for the review of articles.

Checklist for article submission 

During the article submission process, authors must observe the following:

  • That the submitted article meets all the requirements of the journal Socrates (policy, article submission requirements, etc.);
  • That the submitted article has not been published previously or been submitted to other journals;
  • That the submitted article is in the Microsoft Word, MS Word XP file format;
  • That the submitted article meets document presentation requirements;
  • That the submitted article meets the stylistic and bibliography requirements.