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Embryology

Study Course Description

Course Description Statuss:Approved
Course Description Version:5.00
Study Course Accepted:28.03.2022
Study Course Information
Course Code:MK_027LQF level:Level 7
Credit Points:2.00ECTS:3.00
Branch of Science:Clinical Medicine; Histology and CytologyTarget Audience:Medicine
Study Course Supervisor
Course Supervisor:Māra Pilmane
Study Course Implementer
Structural Unit:Department of Morphology
The Head of Structural Unit:Māra Pilmane
Contacts:Riga, 9 Kronvalda boulevard, aaiakatrsu[pnkts]lv, +371 67061551
Study Course Planning
Full-Time - Semester No.1
Lectures (count)8Lecture Length (academic hours)2Total Contact Hours of Lectures16
Classes (count)8Class Length (academic hours)2Total Contact Hours of Classes16
Total Contact Hours32
Study course description
Preliminary Knowledge:
Biology and medical cell biology, histology, anatomy, genetics.
Objective:
To develop understanding of general, special and functional embryology; development of cells, tissue and organs. To form an understanding of the histogenesis and organogenesis of specific tissues and systems.
Topic Layout (Full-Time)
No.TopicType of ImplementationNumberVenue
1Introduction in Embryology. Periods of intrauterine life. Germ cells. Spermatogenesis and ovogenesis. Fertilisation. Cleavage. Implantation.Lectures1.00auditorium
2Development of bilateral embryo. Development of extraembryonal structures. Gastrulation and neurulation. Development of trilaminar embryo. Development of intra- and extraembryonal cavities.Lectures1.00auditorium
3Placenta. Amnion and chorion. Umbilical cord. Induction, growth, differentiation. Development of three germ lists.Lectures1.00auditorium
4Development of body external shape. Development of skeleton, limbs. Development of muscles.Lectures1.00auditorium
5Development of cardiovascular system. Development of lymphatic system.Lectures1.00auditorium
6Development of urogenital system. Development of skin and its appendices. Development of endocrine system.Lectures1.00auditorium
7Development of head and neck. Development of oral cavity and tongue. Main principles in development of digestive and respiratory systems.Lectures1.00auditorium
8Development of PNS and PNS. Development of sense organs.Lectures1.00auditorium
9Periods in embryogenesis. Germ cells. Spermatogenesis. Ovogenesis. The 1st week of embryogenesis.Classes1.00Institute of Anatomy and Anthropology
10The 2d and 3d week of embryogenesis. Placentation.Classes1.00Institute of Anatomy and Anthropology
11Development of skeleton, limbs and muscles. Development of heart, lymphatic system, urogenital system.Classes1.00Institute of Anatomy and Anthropology
12Colloquium I: Topics from the 1st to 8th lectures. Slides of the 3rd and 5th and 7th week labs.Classes1.00Institute of Anatomy and Anthropology
13Development of skin and endocrine system. Development of face, oral cavity and tongue.Classes1.00Institute of Anatomy and Anthropology
14Development of digestive, respiratory and nerve system.Classes1.00Institute of Anatomy and Anthropology
15Development of eye and ear.Classes1.00Institute of Anatomy and Anthropology
16Colloquium II: Topics from the 9 to 11 lectures. Slides of the 10­ and 12-week labs.Classes1.00Institute of Anatomy and Anthropology
Assessment
Unaided Work:
The students study the given readings and literature independently in accordance with the topics of the course; they analyse embryonic specimen structure in the laboratory and prepare the protocols of their practical work.
Assessment Criteria:
• Laboratory class protocols of appropriate quality finished and submitted in due time; • Participation in colloquia and demonstration of the acquired theoretical knowledge and practical skills during the test. • Written multiple choice examination (50%) in combination with oral practical analysis (50%) of specimens at the end of the course. During the examination, the students’ theoretical knowledge of embryonic tissue and organ morphology and practical skills in analysing specimens and schematic images are tested. Students are given the opportunity to demonstrate an understanding of important processes, inducers, risk factors and developments during embryogenesis and fetogenesis.
Final Examination (Full-Time):Exam (Oral)
Final Examination (Part-Time):
Learning Outcomes
Knowledge:On successful course completion students will be able to demonstrate understanding of embryology and significance of prenatal diagnostic methods, to describe structural features of primordia in tissue and organs at different developmental stages, to define risk periods in histo- and organogenesis, and to analyse the most often observed developmental anomalies.
Skills:Students will be able to detect microscopically primordia of the tissue and/or organs and approximate stage of development, to use embryological schemes and to evaluate the possible structure adequacy to the intrauterine stage.
Competencies:Students will be able to recognise embryonic tissue and organ morphology and structure in clinical specimens. They will be able to analyse variations at different stages of embryonic development and distinguish between healthy and pathological tissues in specimens. The students will be able to estimate the significance of various inducers on the developmental processes with respect to postnatal life.
Bibliography
No.Reference
Required Reading
1Pilmane M., Pļaviņa L., Kavak V. 2016. Embryology and Anatomy for Health Sciences. Rīgas Stradiņa universitāte. 511 lpp. ISBN-10: 9984793915, ISBN-13: 978-9984793917
2Pilmane M., Šūmahers G.-H. 2006. Medicīniskā embrioloģija. Rīgas Stradiņa universitāte. 335 lpp. ISBN10: 9984788024, ISBN13: 9789984788029. Latviešu valodā jaunāks, precīzāks, atkārtots izdevums nav pieejams. Esošais izdevums ir akceptējams tā precizitātes dēļ un to ir sarakstījuši katedras docētāji.
3Sadler T.W. 2015. Langman's Medical Embryology. 14th Edition. LWW. 456 p. ISBN-10:1496383907, ISBN-13:978-1496383907
4Schoenwolf Gary C., Bleyl Steven B., Brauer Philip R., Francis-West Philippa H. 2021. Larsen's Human Embryology. 6th Edition. Churchill Livingstone. 560 p. ISBN-10:032369604X, ISBN-13:978-0323696043
5Moore Keith L., Persaud T. V. N., Torchia Mark G. 2020. The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology. 10th Edition. Saunders. 560 p. ISBN-10: 0323313388, ISBN-13: 978-0323313384
6Moore Keith L., Persaud T. V. N., Torchia Mark G. 2019. Before We Are Born: Essentials of Embryology and Birth Defects. 10th Edition. Saunders. 350 p. ISBN-10:0323608493,ISBN-13:978-0323608497
7Carlson Bruce M. 2019. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology. 6th Edition. Saunders. 496 p. ISBN-10:0323523757, ISBN-13:978-0323523752
8Dudek Dr. Ronald W. 2013. High-Yield Embryology. 5th Edition. LWW. 176 p. ISBN-10: 1451176104, ISBN-13: 978-1451176100
9Slack Jonathan M. W. 2018. The Science of Stem Cells. 1st Edition. Wiley-Blackwell. 264 p. ISBN-10: 1119235154, ISBN-13: 978-1119235156
10Ārvalstu studentiem/For international students:
11Sadler T.W. 2015. Langman's Medical Embryology. 14th Edition. LWW. 456 p. ISBN-10:1496383907, ISBN-13:978-1496383907
12Schoenwolf Gary C., Bleyl Steven B., Brauer Philip R., Francis-West Philippa H. 2021. Larsen's Human Embryology. 6th Edition. Churchill Livingstone. 560 p. ISBN-10:032369604X, ISBN-13:978-0323696043
13Moore Keith L., Persaud T. V. N., Torchia Mark G. 2020. The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology. 10th Edition. Saunders. 560 p. ISBN-10: 0323313388, ISBN-13: 978-0323313384
14Carlson Bruce M. 2019. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology. 6th Edition. Saunders. 496 p. ISBN-10:0323523757, ISBN-13:978-0323523752
Additional Reading
1Fehrenbach M., Popowics T. 2011. Illustrated Dental Embryology, Histology, and Anatomy. 4th Edition. Elsevier. 352 p. ISBN: 9780323675536
2Blechschmidt E. 2004. The Ontogenetic Basis of Human Anatomy: A Biodynamic Approach to Development from Conception to Birth. 1st Edition. North Atlantic Books. 272 p. ISBN-10: 155643507X, ISBN-13: 978-1556435072
3Blechschmidt E., Gasser R.F. 2012. Biokinetics and Biodynamics of Human Differentiation: Principles and Applications. Reprint Edition. North Atlantic Books. 312 p. ISBN-10: 1583944524, ISBN-13: 978-1583944523
4Breedlove Marc S. 2017. Foundations of Neural Development. 1st Edition. Sinauer Associates is an imprint of Oxford University Press. 370 p. ISBN-10: 1605355798
5Cochard Larry R. 2012. Netter's Atlas of Human Embryology: Updated Edition. 1st Edition. Saunders. 288 p. ISBN-10: 1455739774, ISBN-13: 978-1455739776
6Dudek Dr. Ronald W. 2008. BRS Embryology. 6th Edition. LWW. 336 p. ISBN-10: 1451190387, ISBN-13: 978-1451190380
7England Marjorie A. 1990. Colour Atlas of Life Before Birth: Normal Fetal Development. Year Book Medical Pub. 224 p. ISBN-10: 0815131194, ISBN-13: 978-0815131199. Viena no retajām grāmatām, kur publicēti embriju 2D attēli un to histoloģiskās struktūras. Precīzs un korekts embrioloģisko struktūru attainojums un grāmatai nav atkārtota izdevuma.
8Hombría Castelli-Gair J., Bovolenta P. 2016. Organogenetic Gene Networks: Genetic Control of Organ Formation. 1st Edition. Springer. 376 p. ISBN-10: 3319427652, ISBN-13: 978-3319427652
9Lambert Wayne H., Wineski Lawrence E. 2010. Lippincott's Illustrated Q&A Review of Anatomy and Embryology. 1st Edition. LWW. 234 p. ISBN-10: 1605473154, ISBN-13: 978-1605473154
10Schoenwolf Gary C. 2007. Atlas of Descriptive Embryology. 7th Edition. Pearson. 300 p. ISBN-10: 0131585606, ISBN-13: 978-0131585607
Other Information Sources
1http://www.embryology.ch/indexen.html
2https://www.ehd.org/movies-index.php
3https://www.biointeractive.org/classroom-resources/human-em…
4http://www.lsic.ucla.edu/classes/lifesci/central/ps107/lect…
5http://www.lsic.ucla.edu/classes/lifesci/central/ps107/lect…
6https://webcampus.drexelmed.edu/neurobio/embryology/page9/p…
7https://mediaspace.msu.edu/media/The+Development+of+the+Gas…
8http://video.brus.club/video/bped-RVWsLk
9http://www.uco.es/~an1gamoj/MyWeb/cardiovascular_system.html
10https://www.emouseatlas.org/emap/elearn/Monterde/html/devel…
11https://transparent-human-embryo.com/
12https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Mov…
13https://www.vcbio.science.ru.nl/en/virtuallessons/embryolog…