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Orthodontics I

Study Course Description

Course Description Statuss:Approved
Course Description Version:1.00
Study Course Accepted:20.08.2018
Study Course Information
Course Code:ORK_011LQF level:Level 6
Credit Points:4.00ECTS:6.00
Branch of Science:MedicineTarget Audience:Dentistry
Study Course Supervisor
Course Supervisor:Gundega Jākobsone
Study Course Implementer
Structural Unit:Department of Orthodontics
The Head of Structural Unit:Gundega Jākobsone
Contacts:Rīga, Dzirciema iela 20,,, +371 67815279
Study Course Planning
Full-Time - 1. Semester No.
Lectures (count)8Lecture Length (academic hours)2Total Contact Hours of Lectures16
Classes (count)8Class Length (academic hours)3Total Contact Hours of Classes24
Total Contact Hours40
Lectures (count)5Lecture Length (academic hours)2Total Contact Hours of Lectures10
Classes (count)10Class Length (academic hours)3Total Contact Hours of Classes30
Total Contact Hours40
Study course description
Preliminary Knowledge:
Knowledge of general embryology, histology and anatomy craniofacial morphology, genetic disorders related to the dentofacial development, congenital syndromes, understanding of bone metabolism, competence in dental radiography and infection control.
The aim of the course is to provide knowledge and understanding about development, growth and maturation of the teeth and craniofacial skelet. To develop understanding about etiopathogenesis of the disturbances in the normal development. To train in simple diagnostic methods used in orthodontic assessment.
Topic Layout (Full-Time)
No.TopicType of ImplementationNumberVenue
1Introduction to OrthodonticsLectures1.00auditorium
2Dentoskeletal growth and developmentLectures1.00auditorium
3Embryonal development of the craniofacial complex and congenital anomalies in craniofacial regionLectures1.00auditorium
4Tissue reactions in orthodonticsLectures1.00auditorium
5Imaging techniques in orthodontics. Lateral cephalometryLectures2.00auditorium
6Occlusal indicesLectures1.00auditorium
7Interceptive orthodonticsLectures1.00auditorium
8Interdisciplinary aspects of the orthodontic treatmentLectures1.00auditorium
9Class II malocclusionLectures1.00auditorium
10Class III malocclusionLectures1.00auditorium
11Maxillary expansionLectures1.00auditorium
12Impacted and retained teethLectures1.00auditorium
13Basic principles of growth of the facial bones, mandibular and maxillary growth, maxillofacial growth anomalies. Life long changes of the dentofacial complex.Classes1.00auditorium
14Normal and abnormal growth of the upper and lower jaws. Modification of growth.Classes1.00auditorium
15Congenital syndromes. Facial clefts.Classes1.00auditorium
16Development of the occlusion: primary, mixed, and permanent dentitions. Space maintaining strategies. Clinical and laboratory procedures of production of the space maintainers.Classes1.00auditorium
17Life long changes of the dentofacial complex.Classes1.00auditorium
18Biomorphological tissue changes caused by orthodontic treatment. Iatrogenic effects of orthodonthic treatment.Classes1.00auditorium
19Imaging methods relevant to orthodontics. Clinical photography.Classes1.00auditorium
20Cephalometric analysis. THE SEMINAR REPORT. Cumulative assessment of the seminars.Classes1.00auditorium
21Dental cast assessments and measurements in Orthodontics.Classes1.00auditorium
22General medical conditions relevant to the growth and development of the face and orthodontic treatment. Gathering relevant and objective medical and dental history for orthodontic purposes.Classes1.00auditorium
23Interceptive orthodontics.Classes1.00auditorium
24Impression taking techniques for orthodontic appliances.Classes1.00clinical base
25Laboratory technique. Productions of different appliances.Classes3.00laboratory
26Work with the data bases at library.Classes2.00RSU Library
27Delivery of the produced appliance to the patient - student. Information about the regiment of the appliance wear. Preparation for the OSCE. THE SEMINAR REPORT. Cumulative assessment of the seminars.Classes1.00auditorium
Unaided Work:
Individual work on preparation of presentations on periodical literature and clinical cases, acquisition of the seminar material.
Assessment Criteria:
Assessment criteria: in practical classes and seminars - qualitative answers on theoretical questions, qualitative answers on short test questions, active collaboration in the analysis of clinical cases, qualitative presentation of the clinical case, qualitative presentation of the periodical literature, quality of oral answers on seminar topics. At the completion of the 7th semester, 4th study year, a a cumulative assessment of work at the seminars: marks for the tests, presentations nad individual work. n estimation summary of classes and seminars, and a test will be applied. Knowledge about dental model biometry and cephalometric analysis will be assessed. At the completion of the 8th semester, 4th study year, an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) will be performed. Knowledge about application of the diagnostic methods, dental models and x-ray analysis of clinical cases and communication skills will be assessed.
Final Examination (Full-Time):Exam (OSCE)
Final Examination (Part-Time):
Learning Outcomes
Knowledge:Knowledge about normal growth, development and maturation of craniofacial complex; understanding about abnormal development of the craniofacial complex, influence of normal and abnormal function to the dentofacial development; knowledge about the most frequent congenital syndromes at the cranial region, rehabilitation principles; knowledge of the imagining techniques relevant to orthodontics; knowledge at the level of understanding about the diagnostic methods of dental and jaw`s anomalies; ability to classify maxillofacial anomalies; knowledge about the interceptive procedures in orthodontics.
Skills:On successful completion of the course the students will be able to: - analyze maxillofacial growth of a patient; - diagnose clinically significant deviation from normal growth of the dentofacial structures; - search information of the congenital syndromes on the web; - assess environmental factors predisposing development of malocclusion; - assess presence and development of the germs of the permanent teeth and possible disturbances in development of occlusion; - make clinical photographs of the face and occlusion; - plan appliances for space maintaining; - fit dental bands and adjust fixed space maintainers; - gather medical and dental history relevant to orthodontics.
Competencies:On successful completion of the course, students will have following competences: - be able to apply classifications for identification of the maxillofacial and teeth anomalies in practice; - be competent to design, inset and adjust space maintainers; - to be competent in producing the diagnostic models and analyze them to describe the occlusal anomalies; - be competent in designing, adjusting and managing simple removable appliances to correct crossbite or to move single tooth; - to identify injurious habits to oral cavity, which may promote malocclusion, and - to avert consequences by informing patient and by providing a treatment, if necessary.
Required Reading
1Mitchell L. An introduction to orthodontics. 3rd edition, 2007.
2Materiāli e-studijās.
Additional Reading
1Proffit WR. Contemporary Orthodontics. 4th edition, 2007.
2McNamara JA, Brudon WL. Orthodontics And Dentofacial Orthopedics, 2001.
3English J, Akyalcin S, Peltomaki T, Litschel K. Orthodontic Review; 2nd Edition; Mosby’s, 2014
Other Information Sources
1Jaunākā periodiskā literatūra:
2Seminars in Orthodontics
3Journal of Craniofacial Research
4American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics