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About Study Course

Credit points / ECTS:5 / 7.5
Course supervisor:Māris Sperga
Study type:Full time
Course level:Master's
Target audience:Dentistry
Language:English, Latvian
Branch of science:Clinical Medicine; Pathology


1. To provide studies in pathology, covering the morphological and functional manifestations of diseases and pathogenesis thereof. This aspect of the programme must provide the theoretical basis for the completion of clinical studies, making a comprehensively educated dentist with an understanding of dental pathological processes and those of oral cavity and the entire organism and their interrelationships. The pathology programme is integrated to create and develop for the student a unified understanding of the morphological and functional components of the pathogenesis of dental, oral and systemic diseases.
2. To provide a practical overview of pathology as a diagnostic branch of medicine at a level appropriate to the professional needs of a dentist.


Cell biology, anatomy, histology, genetics, normal physiology, biochemistry.

Learning outcomes


As a result of completing the study course, the student will know and be able to reasonably explain the nature, causes and risk factors of various diseases and general pathological processes, pathogenesis and expression thereof in clinical processes, laboratory and imaging examinations, possible complications and consequences, outcomes.

General pathological processes to be learned include general aspects of inflammation and wound healing, fever, peripheral circulatory disorders, hypoxia, cell damage and compensatory adaptive responses, tumour development.

In the special pathology section, students study the pathogenesis of cardiovascular, lung, kidney, gastrointestinal, liver and biliary tract, salivary gland, pancreatic, bone, central nervous system, gynaecological and reproductive, mammary gland, haematological and endocrine pathologies, oral and dental diseases as a basis for further clinical studies, understanding the pathogenesis of clinical symptoms and laboratory changes.


The student will be able to reasonably evaluate the pathogenesis of the most common diseases, relate it to the clinical manifestations and diagnostic basis of the diseases, as well as take practical steps to organise the tissue and/or laboratory examinations required in the specialist practice, interpret and critically analyse results thereof in relation to the overall picture of the disease.


The acquired competences cover the pathogenesis of diseases of various organs and organ systems, develop an understanding of the pathological processes occurring in the body as a basis for clinical manifestations and serve as a basis for further clinical studies for the acquisition and understanding of clinical competences, but also contribute to the development of a competence base for scientific research. By completing PAK_045 course, the student acquires and develops competences in professional information processing and analysis, logical and critical thinking.

Study course planning

Planning period:Year 2023, Autumn semester
Study programmeStudy semesterProgram levelStudy course categoryLecturersSchedule
Dentistry, ZF3Master’sRequiredKlāvs Smidrovskis, Valērija Raubiško, Kate Anohina
Dentistry, SSNSF3Master’sRequiredImants Bebris
Dentistry, SSNSFz4Master’sRequiredMāris Sperga, Agita Jukna, Staņislavs Šinkarevs
Planning period:Year 2024, Spring semester
Study programmeStudy semesterProgram levelStudy course categoryLecturersSchedule
Dentistry, ZF4Master’sRequiredKristīne Merkurjeva, Dainis Balodis
Dentistry, SSNSFz3Master’sRequiredImants Bebris
Dentistry, SSNSF4Master’sRequiredStaņislavs Šinkarevs, Kate Anohina, Imants Bebris