Biology and Medical Genetics (BUMK_027)
To gain a knowledge about human being as an unified system; the role of genetic processes in the health preservation and metabolism; to create a background for specific knowledge in the medicine and skills to use it in everyday practice.
Knowledge of biology acquired within the framework of general secondary education.
Students analyze the compliance of various eukaryotic cell structures with their functions; substantiates the relationship between cell structure and the role of abnormal functions in human pathology; compares the processes occurring in mitosis and meiosis; knows the main regularities of genetics; appreciates the importance of Mendelian experiments in the development of genetics; compare the results of monohybrid, dihybrid, polyhybrid and analytical crosses; explains DNA replication, transcription, translation; knows chromosomal pathologies, their causes, classifies the types of genetic traits and inheritance types of pathologies; substantiate its opinion by analyzing specific situations regarding the inheritance of human traits; uses the concepts and terms of biology discussed in the lectures and practical classes.
Students use a light microscope, prepare simple microslides; recognize various eukaryotic cells; different types of metaphase chromosomes; explain the relationship between the structure and the functions; graphically depict the phases of mitosis and meiosis and explain the ongoing processes; form oogenesis and spermatogenesis schemes; compile and analyze family trees of different inheritance types; classifiy variability and mutation types; discuss the mechanisms of gene, chromosome, genome mutations; solve simple problems of genetics and molecular biology.
Students are able to anlyze simple situations in medical genetics. Students appreciate importance of organoids in function of organs and organ systems.
Study course planning
|Study programme||Study semester||Program level||Study course category||Lecturers||Schedule|
|Nursing Studies, MZF||1||Bachelor’s||Required|