Global Health (SVUEK_110)
Promote knowledge acquisition and develop understanding of global health topicalities, various public health issues in a global context and an international approach to addressing these challenges.
Basics of epidemiology and public health.
Upon completion of the course the students will have knowledge and will be able to:
• explain the concept of global health and its historical development, the current global health risks;
• list and compare differences between the concepts of public health, international health and global health and their main principles;
• mention and describe the key principles, goals and implementation indicators of the UN Millennium Declaration;
• list key international institutions in the field of global health and describe them briefly;
• describe the differences in healthcare systems in different regions of the world, their impact on health;
• give definitions of urbanisation, urban population and environment; list the causes of urbanisation and its impact on the health of individuals and population;
• tell about the global health problems and their determinants in maternal and child health issues, as well as about the possible solutions to problems in different countries of the world;
• mention the most common types of injuries and describe their causes and measures to reduce trauma in different regions of the world;
• give the definition of violence, tell about the classification of forms of violence and their spread in different regions of the world, and to describe the health disorders caused by violence;
• list the major non-communicable diseases in different regions of the world and their risk factors on a global scale;
• give the definitions of outbreak, epidemic and pandemic;
• identify the factors at which the infection can lead to a pandemic, tell about the most specific pandemics in the past;
• tell about the topicalities in the spread of infections in different regions of the world and to characterise the globally accepted anti-infection mechanisms.
The student will be able to:
• classify the main activities of public health, international health and global health;
• discuss the differences in healthcare systems in the world;
• explain the environmental and social determinants affecting public health within the context of urbanisation;
• calculate and assess the indicators characterising maternal and child health and make international comparisons;
• explain the sense of the programmes implemented by international organisations in improving the health of mother and child in the world;
• recognise and classify the types of violence and their prevalence in different regions of the world;
• discuss the most common measures for reducing trauma;
• evaluate the prevalence of chronic diseases and their contributing factors on a global scale;
• explain the sense of the key strategic initiatives for combating non-communicable diseases on a global scale;
• differentiate between the concepts of epidemic and pandemic;
• identify safe and unsafe behaviour or conditions that could protect against infection or lead to infection with HIV, malaria and tuberculosis; describe the factors that make these infections a global phenomenon.
The student will be able to:
• discuss global health, its development and differences between public health, international health and global health;
• compare and interpret the degree of implementing the UN Millennium Development Goals in different countries of the world;
• differentiate between healthcare systems in different countries of the world and explain their impact on the health of the population;
• associate local-level public health problems with global urbanisation processes;
• discuss reasonably maternal and child health problems in the world;
• analyse statistics on trauma, including violence, in different regions of the world and discuss the most common measures for reducing trauma;
• discuss differences in the prevalence of various types of violence in different regions of the world and provide the most possible explanations;
• interpret in a reasoned manner the causes of the spread of non-communicable diseases in a global perspective;
• discuss the impact of lifestyle factors on chronic diseases under the influence of globalisation;
• discuss the impact of various contemporary global phenomena on the course and prevalence of communicable diseases;
• justify the most effective ways to combat the most topical infections.