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COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the coronavirus. The novel virus and the disease it causes were not known until an outbreak in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, fatigue, sore throat, dry cough and shortness of breath.

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The disease can spread from an infected person to others by tiny airborne droplets through coughing, exhalation, or sneezing. In most cases, the incubation period is between 1 and 14 days, but most often around 5 days.

State of emergency declared in Latvia from 9 November until 6 December. 
From 20 November fines of up to 50 euros can be issued for not wearing a face mask in public places.
HOW TO USE A FACE MASK

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Rector's decree on further organisation of the study process under conditions of the spread of COVID-19 infection (20 November 2020)

RSU organisational and practical action, confirmed or suspected cases of COVID-19 (29 September 2020)

Precautions in RSU student halls to limit the spread of COVID-19 (22 September 2020)

Procedures for the implementation of precautions to contain the spread of COVID-19 at Rīga Stradiņš University (17 August 2020)

If you develop symptoms

If you have been diagnosed with COVID-19, you will be contacted by a GP and instructed on further treatment. When communicating with your GP, the information you provide about your medical condition should be as accurate as possible and you have to follow your doctor's instructions. In case of mild symptoms, treatment takes place at home. If symptoms are severe, the patient will be treated at a hospital.

If you develop flu-like symptoms such as a fever, cough, or difficulty breathing, call 8303 (or your general practitioner) immediately and inform them about your symptoms.

A patient is considered healthy after clinical symptoms have disappeared and if repeated tests for coronavirus are negative (the doctor will put in a request for testing).

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Family members and persons living in the same household as a patient with confirmed COVID-19 infection are considered high-risk contact persons. Regardless of whether the person with confirmed COVID-19 is in a hospital or at home, people living with the patient are subject to quarantine or self-isolation.

Traveling to Latvia

Persons returning to Latvia from countries where the 14-day cumulative number of COVID-19 cases per 100,000 population exceeds 50 must carry out self-isolation at their place of residence (home quarantine) for the next 10 days (the previous duration of 14 days has been reduced to 10 as of 16 Sep 2020). During this time, the person is advised to monitor the state of their health and contact their general practitioner if there are any signs of a respiratory infection (cough, sore throat, fever).

Up-to-date list of countries and their infection rates on the Latvian Centre for Disease Prevention and Control website.

If returning to/entering Latvia

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World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for reducing the spread of COVID-19
  • Monitor your health and do not go to work if you display signs of respiratory infection (coughing, sore throat, raised body temperature);
  • Wash your hands frequently with soap, water and alcohol-based hand disinfectants;
  • Use disposable tissues, or cover your mouth with your elbow when coughing or sneezing, and then wash your hands thoroughly;
  • Avoid touching your face (eyes, nose, and mouth) with unwashed hands;
  • Avoid close contact with people with signs of respiratory infection, try to keep a distance of at least 2 meters;
  • Regularly clean and ventilate premises.

If you display signs of an acute respiratory infection (coughing, shortness of breath, sore throat, fever)

  • Do not frequent public places, go to work, or visit friends during illness. Contact your family doctor by phone and, if your health condition allows, receive treatment at home;
  • Avoid close contact with other people (keep a distance of at least two meters);
  • Limit contact with family members as much as possible, especially those over 60 years of age and people with chronic illnesses or with compromised immune systems (such as those receiving immunosuppressive therapy);
  • Turn away from other people when your cough or sneeze;
  • When coughing and sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a disposable tissue, and discard after use, then wash your hands. If you do not have disposable tissues or handkerchiefs available, you can cough or sneeze into your elbow, but never into your hand!
  • Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20-40 seconds after coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitiser.

If you have received a positive COVID-19 test and are being treated at home:

  • you must be in strict isolation. During this time you cannot leave your place of residence and communicate and cooperate with your family doctor and other medical personnel. Follow your GP's instructions. You can only leave isolation with the permission of an attending physician;
  • you must not expose another person to the risk of infection, make direct contact with other people (this means no guests, no personal visits, etc.);
  • you must be used one of the following options for purchasing basic necessities or food: home delivery, avoiding contact with the supplier; delivery of food or goods by relatives leaving purchases at the door; asking the municipal social services for assistance and avoiding direct contact with the social worker. 
Useful websites
Latvian Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (in English)
WHO website on the coronavirus pandemic
Download RSU COVID-19 information (in English)
Free online crisis consultations (in English)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia contact sheet  (in English)
Read more on the Latvian Cabinet of Ministers website (in English)
Contact information (in English)
Video of Dr Patapia Tzotzoli's lecture on remote therapy
Rector's Decrees

Epidemiological Safety Measures for Organising Mass Events (11.03.2020)
Epidemiological Safety Measures Concerning the Organisation of the Study Process in Relation to the Spread of COVID-19 (11.03.2020)

Articles
RSU Professor and Infectologist Ludmila Vīksna on What Is Currently Known About COVID-19 (16 March 2020)
RSU Professor Ģirts Briģis On How to Stop the COVID-19 Pandemic (14 April 2020)
Professor Ģirts Briģis: There is Risk of Social Distancing Fatigue (28 April 2020)
RSU Professor and Infectologist Ludmila Vīksna on What Is Currently Known About COVID-19 (Continued) (31 April 2020)
Infectologist Ludmila Vīksna: I Have Found no Evidence for a Second Global Wave of COVID-19 (22 May 2020)
‘It’s Important to Remain Calm and Rational’: Latvian and Lithuanian Views on COVID-19 (28 May 2020)
Prof. Gunta Ancāne: This Crisis Highlights People's Maturity Level (10 June 2020)
App Developed to Limit the Spread of the Coronavirus in Latvia (10 June 2020)