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Pluralism Anxiety. Acting Socially in Latvia

Autors(i): Sergejs Kruks, red., Xavier Landes, Jeļena Ļevina, Kristīne Mārtinsone, Ritma Rungule, Silva Seņkāne, Diāna Kalniņa, Aija Kažoka, Kristīne Rolle, Klāvs Sedlenieks, Ilva Skulte, Normunds Kozlovs, Anda Rožukalne
Izdevniecība: Rīgas Stradiņa universitāte

Work experience

2018 - Present

Lead researcher, project leader

Research project "Bio-social relatedness and state performance (", Latvian Science Council financing, Project Number Ipz-2018/2-0070

Managemetn of the overall processes and progress of the project, team recruitment, design and supervision of research activities

2015 - Present

Assistant professor (Docent)

Rīga Stradiņš University

Development and delivery of courses in social anthropology for BA and MSc level, thesis supervision, organisation of research activities, project development

2016 - 2019

Lead Researcher, Work Package leader

Horizon 2020 project INFORM "Closing the gap between formal and informal institutions in the Balkans"

Supervision and orangisation of research activities, supervision and organisation of publicity, communication and publication activities, organisation of research team

2009 - Present

Guest Lecturer

Stockholm School of Economics in Riga

Teaching course "Economic anthropology": development of the course, delivering lectures, leading seminars, supervision and evaluation of course papers, evaluation of student performance

2007 - Present

Course director of Master's study programme "Social Anthropology"

Klavs Sedlenieks

Creation and maintenance of the programme content and organisational principles, management of student recruitment and daily activities, management of lecturer work (including recruitment), management of the daily process of the programme.

2006 - 2015


Klavs Sedlenieks

Development and delivery of courses in anthropology for BA and MSc level, thesis supervision

2013 - 2014

Project coordinator

Research project "Social life of telephone"

2010 - 2012


Research project "Savs kaktiņš, savs stūrītis zemes: development strategies of Latvian countryside inhabitants and the changes of cultural environment."

2008 - 2009

Expert of the Expert Forum at the National Development Plan

Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development of the Republic of Latvia

2006 - 2009

Scientific consultant, TV show "Nākotnes Parks" ("The Future Park")

SIA "TV un video parks"

TV show about the recent development in the digital and communication technologies

Responsibilities: research, planning of the show, script-writing

2001 - 2007

Guest lecturer

University of Latvia

Developing and delivering the course "Social anthropology".

2006 - 2006


Project "Men Equal, Men Different", Ministry of the Children and Family Affairs of the Republic of Latvia

2005 - 2006


Project "The importance of the Culture Industry for the Economy of Latvia and the use of EU Structural Funds"

2004 - 2005

Fulbright Scholar

City University of New York Graduate Centre

2003 - 2004


Field research in Montenegro

2003 - 2003


PIPE Latvija project "Strengthening of regional identity and participation of the youth in decision making process in Latvia"

2000 - 2003

Guest Lecturer

Riga International School of Economics and Business Administration

2002 - 2003

Policy Researcher

Soros Foundation-Latvia, Policy Research programme

1995 - 1996

Teacher fellow

School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University of London

1993 - 1994

Guest Lecturer

Latvian Medical Academy


Assistant Professor

Faculty of Communication, Department of Communication Studies


SAM Vertikāli integrēto projektu (VIP) eksperts

Research Department

Education and training

2012 - 2013


Tallinn University, Department of Social and Cultural anthropology

Thesis: "And Burn Today whom Yesterday they Fed: Citizens and State in Montenegro"

Supervisor: Dr Lorenzo Canas Bottos (Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway)

2002 - 2007

PhD programme in sociology (specialisation in social anthropology)

University of Latvia, Faculty of Social Sciences

PhD training (contemporary problems and advanced research methods)

1998 - 1999

M. Phil.

Cambridge University, Department of Social Anthropology

MPhil thesis: "Between 'State' and 'Market': Corruption in Post-Soviet Latvia'

Supervisor: Frances Pine

1991 - 1993


Vytautas Magnus University

Main topics studied: social anthropology, sociology, history, political science, qualitative and quantitative research methods

1989 - 1991

University of Latvia, Faculty of Philology

1987 - 1989

Riga Institute of Medicine, Faculty of General Medicine




Research projects

  • 2018-present Lead researcher in Latvian Science Council project "Bio-Social Relatedness and State Performance", Grant No Izp-2018/2-0070
  • 2016 - 2019 Lead researcher and Wrok Package Leader, Horizon 2020 project INFORM "Closing the Gap Between Formal and Informal Institutions in the Balkans", Grant. No. 693537
  • 2013 - 2014 Lead researcher, project "Social Life of Telephone" Riga Stradiņš University.
  • 2011- present Project author and researcher, project "Internet Aggressiveness Index", Riga Stradiņš Univeristy.
  • 2010 - 2012 Researcher, project "Development strategies and changes in cultural environment in Latvian countryside" University of Latvia.
  • 2009 Lead researcher, project "Experience of foreign solders in the rehabilitation centre NRC "Vaivari", Riga Stradiņš University.
  • 2009 Lead researcher, project "Cool-hunt", Hansabanka Latvija, Rīga.
  • 2008 Researcher "Qualitative and quantitative research about the actual aspects of citizenship and integration"
  • 2008 – 2009 Expert, Expert forum at the National Development Plan" Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development of the Republic of Latvia.
  • 2007 Researcher, project "How to increase the capacity to find job of the marginalised persons in three regions of Latvia", SIA "AC Konsultācijas", Rīga.
  • 2007 Lead Researcher, National report about the Community action plan "Jouth" in Latvia". Ministry of Children and Family affairs, Riga,
  • 2007 Lead Researcher, Project "Experience of parents with children in palliative care" , The Clinical University Hospital of Latvia, Riga.
  • 2005 - 2006 Researcher, project "The significance of the Cultural Industry in the Economy of Latvia and the use of EU Structural Funds", SIA "Baltic Project Consulting", Rīga.
  • 2006 Researcher, EQUAL project "Minimising Results of the Segregation of Professions."
  • 2006 Researcher, project (Men Equal, Men Different), Ministry of Children and Family affairs, Riga
  • 2003 Lead Researcher, "PIPE Latvija (Strenhthening of Regional Identity and Participation of Youth in the Decision-Making Process in Local Municipalities". Cēsis Municipality, Cēsis.
  • 2002 - 2003 Lead Researcher, project "Corruption in the Process of Issuing Building Permits in Latvia", Sorosa Foundation-Latvija, Rīga.
  • 2000 - 2001 Researcher, project "Corruption Under Close Look", Sorosa Foundation-Latvija, Rīga.
  • 2000 Researcher, project "European School Survey about Alcohol and other Drugs - ESPAD '99" Latvian State Drug Abuse Centre, Riga
  • 2000 - 2004 Researcher, various industrial projects, SIA "Dataserviss", Rīga.


Peer reviewing


See complete list of reviews:


Administrative responsibilities


  • 2016 - 2019 Project INFORM, Member of the Management Board
  • 2013 - 2014 European Asociation of Social Anthropologists Biennal conference 2014, member of the local committee
  • 2013 - 2017 Memvber of the Council for Aministrating Scholarships, Riga Stradiņš University
  • 2012 - 2017 Baltic Summer School of Athropology, Advisory board
  • 2012 - current: member of the Library Council, Riga Stradiņš University
  • 2012 - current: member of Senate, Riga Stradiņš University
  • 2008 - current: Director of Master's Study programme "Social Anthropology", Riga Stradiņš University
  • 2008 - current: Faculty Board member, Faculty of Communication, Riga Stradiņš University




Latvian Association of Anthropologists: member since 1998, three-times board member, two times - chair.

European Association of Social Anthropologists: member since 2010.


Honours and awards


  • 2019 Rīga Stradiņš University Scholar of the Year
  • 2004 Fulbright Scholar at City University of New York Graduate Centre (9 months)
  • 1998 FCO/Soros scholarship for Baltic States for one-year post­ graduate (M.Phil.) studies at the University of Cambridge​​
  • 1995 FCO/Chevening and School of Slavonic and East European Studies' scholarship Teacher-Fellowship in Latvian Studies


Continuing education a.o. qualification upgrade


Conference participation in recent years

  • February 8, 2019, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Final INFORM conference. Presentation "Networks of knowledge: informality in private and political life in Montenegro". Co-authors Ieva Puzo, Diāna Kiščenko
  • December 4-7, 2018. Cairns, Australia. AAS Conference 2018 | Life in an Age of Death, presentation "Phantom rebellion: recruitment of the dead to align with the state in a Montenegrin village"
  • October 18-19, 2018 Tracing Informality in Southeast and Northeast Europe: Anthropological perspectives", Presentation “(Not) Protected by the Law: Informal Care for Historic Monuments in Njeguši, Montenegro"
  • August 14-17, 2018, Stockholm, Sweden. European Association of Social Anthropologists 15th Biennial Conference "Staying, Moving, Settling", Presentation "The 15cm Road: paving the state in a Montenegrin village"
  • November 16-17, 2017, Bled, Slovenia. Conference of INFORM researchers and policy-makers. Presentation: "Montenegrins on the road to EU"
  • May 25-29, 2016, Pennsylvania, USA. 2016 conference of The Association for the Advancement of Baltic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania, Presentation " "Vernacular concept of the state in contemporary Latvia"
  • May 4-9, 2016, Dubrovnik, Croatia. IUAES Intercongress "World anthropologies and privatization of knowledge: engaging anthropology in public", co-convener (with Paul Agnidakis) of panel "What do anthropologists know"
  • October 21-23, 2015, Helsinki, Finland. Biennial Conference of the Finnish Anthropological Society 2015. Landscapes, sociality and materiality. Curator of the ethnographic film programme
  • April 13-16, 2015, Exeter, UK. Association of Social Anthropologists of the UK and Commonwealth 2015 annual conference "Symbiotic anthropologies: theoretical commensalities and methodological mutualisms", presentation title: "When less change gives hope for change: development and buffer culture in Montenegro and Latvia"
  • March 25-26, 2015, Riga, Latvia. Riga Stradins University 14th annual scientific conference. Participation with a presentations "Comparison of frequency of war-related words in commentaries of Latvian and Russian news portals in Latvia" (in Latvian)
  • March 23-25, 2015, Abo, Finland. "Explorations in Peace & Conflict Research: Nonkilling Education", Abo Akademi University, presentation title "Growing up Peacefully: Cross-cultural &Latvian Insights"
  • October 30, 2014, Riga International Reinhold Schmeling Conference 2014 "Riga Housing Environment. New Architectural Hirizons", Chair of the session "Community Conditions in Housing Estates"
  • July 31 - August 3, 2014, Tallinn, Estonia. European Association of Social Anthropologists 13th Biennial Conference, Tallinn University, Tallinn, Estonia. Participation with a paper "Our main capital are people: re-emigration discourse and exploitation in Latvia". Organization of Panel 3 "Young Scholars Forum"
  • 12-15 May, 2014, Kocaeli, Turkey. 1st International Communication Science & Media Studies Congress, Kocaeli Univeristy (Kocaeli, Turkey), Participation with a presentation "'Cybercrowd aggressiveness reflects tendencies in general population. The case of Latvia"
  • 10-11 April, 2014, RigaRiga Stradins University 13th annual scientific conference. Participation with a presentations "Sezonal regularity of society's aggressive mood" and "Social life of telephone: approbation of experimental research methods"
  • 5 April, 2014, Riga. Black Market for Useful Knowledge and Non-Knowledge No 16. 90 conversations about enhanced, amended and dead body. Participation with conversations: "What to do with human body when it is dead?" and "Life after death - Latvian opinion"
  • 6-7 July, 2013, Skopje. Conference 'Lost in Transition - Citizens' Engagement with Transitional Changes in Western Bakan Societies'. Participation with a presentation 'Always 'almost disappeared' Montenegrin kin-based structures as forms of adaptations to regular rapid change'
  • 30 June-6 July, 2013, Tartu. SIEF 11th Congress 'Circulation'. Organisation of Panel P22 'Good life in times of change'
  • 16-19 June, 2013, Tallinn. 10th Conference on Baltic Studies in Europe "Cultures, Crises, Consolidations in the Baltic World“. Participation with a presentation: 'Cybercrowd Aggressiveness Reflects Tendencies in General Population. The Case of Latvia' (Co-Author Normunds Grūzītis)
  • 21-22 March, 2013, Riga. Riga Stradins University 12th annual scientific conference. Participation with a presentation 'Aggressiveness of Internet commentaries reflect general tendencies of the society' ('Interneta komentāru agresivitāte atspoguļo kopējās tendences sabiedrībā')
  • 14 September 2012, Riga. Participation in a forum organised by the Freedom and Solidarity foundation, Nordic Council and Foundation of European Progressive Studies "Potential of green economy in Latvia - the possibilities and challenges to use North European practices" Presentation of paper: "Racionālie argumenti un (ne)vēlēšanās dzīvot ilgtspējīgi" ("Rational arguments and (un)willingness to live sustainably")
  • 9-12 September 2012, San Francisco, USA.Poster presentation at the 52nd Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Poster: K-2080
  • Hand Hygiene Compliance in ICU: Explanation by Socio-Anthropological Observation (Co-autorship with 6 other team members)
  • 10-13th July 2012, Nanterre, France12th EASA Biennial Conference: Uncertatinty and Disquiet. Presentation of paper "Life in the pockets of state as a response to continuous change", Organiser of the workshop "The 'Other' and the de-Fetishisation of the state"
  • 29-30 March, 2012, Riga, Riga Stradins University. Riga Stradins University 11th annual scientific conference. Participation with a presentation "Valsts" un "Latvija" - biežāk izmantotās vārdformas interneta komentāros ("The State" and "Latvia" the most often used nouns in internet commentaries)
  • 7 February, 2012, Riga, Avalon Hotel (Organiser: Latvian Internet Association)Conference "Drošāka interneta diena 2012" (The Day of Safer Internet, 2012) Participation with presentation "The impact of technologies on human thinking" (Tehnoloģiju ietekme uz cilvēku domāšanu)
  • 3 February, 2012, Riga, Saeima (the Parliament of Latvia) Conference "Demogrāfija un reproduktīvā veselība. Risinājumi un nākotnes izaicinājumi" (Demography and reproductive health. Solutions and challenges), participation with presentation "Reproductive health and men: a forgotten dymension"
  • 20-21 October, 2011, Riga, University of Lavia. Well-being and development in Latvian countryside: interdisciplinary view. Presented paper "Conscsious evasion from the state as a development strategy in Latvian countryside"


Selectd Invited presentations

  • March 19, 2019. Association of Event Producers annual meeting, Liepāja, Latvia. Presentation "What is an Event"
  • February 22, 2019. UNESCO Latvia seminar. Brocēni, Latvia. "Lift and you will be Lifted", presentation "Peacefulness and willingness to help as inborn qualities"
  • 24. april, 2019. Press conference of the Ministry of Finances of the Republic of Latvia "Atkrāpies"
  • October 20, 2018, SEB Bank, Riga Latvia"SEB Talk" Presentation on the topic "History, presence and future of money", SEB Banka headquaters, Riga
  • November 19, 2015, Valmiera, Latvia. Public lecture "Art in anthropological perspective", Valmiera, Valmiera Integrated library
  • August, 4, 2015, Riga, Latvia. Festival "Dirty Deal Drama", Lecture "War as humanity's natural (?) component"
  • July 14, 2015, Ratnieki, Latvia. Summer camp 2x2, lecture topic "Does Latvian nation exist?"
  • June 11, 2015, Riga, LatviaTEDxRiga "The Power of Small", presentation title "Decoding violent moods in society"
  • 6 January, 2015, Riga, Museum of Decorative Arts and Design. Lecture "Exhibition of ORLAN in Riga - Some Socialanthropological interpretations"
  • 2 December, 2014, Riga, Aldaris. Lecture "The true nature of Father Christmas: social anthropological view"
  • 4 December 2012, Riga. Participation in a forum organised by the Council of Minority ethnic groups of Latvia (at the bureau of the President of Latvia), topic of the presentation: "Empathy, compassion and the current integration policies in Latvia"
  • 10 May, 2012, Riga, Maritim Hotel. Digital 2012. Participation with presentation "Kā mēs sarunāsimies paši ar sevi un kā tehnoloģijas mūs no tā glābs" (How we will talk to ourselves and how technologies will save us from that)
  • 8 May, 2012, Riga, Riga New Theater. Seminar of Latvian Association of Dermatologists, presentation on the topic: "Aging in cross-cultural perspective"


Lectured study course

Anthropology of Religion

Economic and Political Anthropology

Introduction to Studies and Specialty

Master’s Thesis

Political and Economic Anthropology

Principles of developing Master_s thesis

Principles of ethnographic work

Research methods in anthropology

Seminar of Bachelor_s Thesis

Social Anthropology

Bachelor’s Thesis

Bachelor’s Thesis Seminar

Development and presentation of the Masters work

Introduction to the Studies and Speciality

Kinship systems

Sex and Gender

Vertikālās integrācijas projekts _Valsts īstenošana un biosociālās saiknes_

Supervised study course

Anthropology of Consumption

Anthropology of Creativity and Innovation

Anthropology of Food

Anthropology of International Development

Anthropology of Money

Anthropology of Religion

Anthropology of Senses

Applied Anthropology

Economic and Political Anthropology

Environmental anthropology

Ethnography of Childhood

History of Death

International business anthropology: Scandinavians in the new European market - the Baltics

Introduction to Multispecies Ethnography

Kinship systems

Music and Silence

Political and Economic Anthropology

Principles of developing Master_s thesis

Principles of ethnographic work

Regional Studies (Ethnography): Africa

Regional studies (ethnography): Caucasus

Regional studies (ethnography): North Caucasus

Regional studies (ethnography): Oceania

Regional studies (ethnography): Scandinavia

Regional studies (ethnography): Siberia

Regional Studies (Ethnography): South Asia

Regional studies (ethnography): South Europe

Regional Studies (Ethnography): Switzerland

Regional studies (ethnography): The Amazon

Regional Studies (Ethnography): the Caribbean Sea Region

Research methods in anthropology

Sex and Gender

Social Anthropology

Urban anthropology

Vertikālās integrācijas projekts _Valsts īstenošana un biosociālās saiknes_

Religion and Media

Supervised study programme

Rīga Stradiņš University, Master, Full-time studies, Social Anthropology



Research articles​​


Rožukalne, Anda. The elusive cyber beasts : how to identify the communication of pro-Russian hybrid trolls in Latvia’s internet news sites? / A.Rožukalne, K.Sedlenieks // Central European Journal of Communication. - Vol.10, No.1(18) (2017, Spring), p.79-97. - Starptautiski citējamā izdevumā.

Sedlenieks, Klāvs. Dzimtes problēma nebeidzas ar anatomisko formu / K.Sedlenieks // Jurista Vārds. - Nr.23 (2016, 7.jūn.), 52.-54.lpp. - Pieejams arī tiešsaistē:

Sedlenieks, Klāvs. Book review : Bloch, Maurice 2013. In and out of each other’s bodies: theory of mind, evolution, truth, and the nature of the social. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers. 161 pp. / K.Sedlenieks // Social Anthropology. - Vol.23, No.3 (2015, Aug.), p.378-379. - Starptautiski citējamā izdevumā.

Sedlenieks, Klāvs. Book review : Mühlfried, Florian. 2014. Being a State and States of Being in Highland Georgia. Oxford; New York, NY: Berghahn Books. 264 pages / K.Sedlenieks // Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics. - Vol.9, No.2 (2015), p.121-122.

Sedlenieks, Klāvs. Buffer culture in Montenegro : bratstvo, kumstvo and other kin-related structures / K.Sedlenieks // A life for tomorrow: social transformations in South-East Europe / editors: P.Cvetičanin, I.Mangova, N.Markovikj. - Skopje : Institute for Democracy “Societas Civilis”, 2015. - P.199-215.

Sedlenieks, Klāvs. Cybercrowd aggressiveness reflects tendencies in general population : the case of Latvia / K.Sedlenieks // 1st International Communication Science & Media Studies Congress (Kocaeli, Turkey, May 12-15, 2014) : Conference Proceedings. - Kocaeli, 2014. - P.410-423.

Sedlenieks, Klāvs. What do Latvian "peaceful peasants" do? A peace system in a rural parish of Latvia / K.Sedlenieks // Journal of Baltic Studies. - Vol.45, No.1 (2014, Jan.), p.57-78. - Starptautiski citējamā izdevumā.




Sedlenieks, Klāvs. Why state : from Central Asia to the Balkans and the Baltics / K.Sedlenieks // Rīga Stradiņš University International Interdisciplinary Conference on Social Sciences "Places" (Riga, Latvia, Apr.2, 2019) : Abstracts / Rīga Stradiņš University. - Rīga, 2019. - P.19.

Sedlenieks, Klāvs. Ikdienišķā (vernakulārā) izpratne par valsti : ieskats Latvijas situācijā / K.Sedlenieks // 2016.gada Zinātniskās konferences tēzes (Rīga, 2016.g. 17.-18.martā) / Rīgas Stradiņa universitāte. - Rīga, 2016. - 264.lpp.

Sedlenieks, Klāvs. Kara tematikai veltīto vārdu lietojuma salīdzinājums latviešu un krievu portālos / K.Sedlenieks // 2015.gada Zinātniskās konferences tēzes (Rīga, 2015.g. 26.-27.martā) / Rīgas Stradiņa universitāte. - Rīga, 2015. - 424.lpp.

Sedlenieks, Klāvs. Sabiedrības agresīvā noskaņojuma sezonālā regularitāte / K.Sedlenieks // 2014.gada Zinātniskās konferences tēzes (Rīga, 2014.g. 10.-11.aprīlī) / Rīgas Stradiņa universitāte. - Rīga, 2014. - 465.lpp.

Sedlenieks, Klāvs. Tālruņa sociālā dzīve : eksperimentālu pētniecības metožu aprobācija / K.Sedlenieks // 2014.gada Zinātniskās konferences tēzes (Rīga, 2014.g. 10.-11.aprīlī) / Rīgas Stradiņa universitāte. - Rīga, 2014. - 492.lpp.


Books and brochures​​


Sedlenieks, Klāvs. State to love, state to hate : vernacular concepts of state in Latvia / K.Sedlenieks // Pluralism Anxiety: acting socially in Latvia / edited by S.Kruk ; Rīga Stradiņš University. - Riga : Rīga Stradiņš University, 2018. - Chapter 8, p.153-170.

Sedlenieks, Klāvs. Isa 13 protsendi ulatuses : läti isad pärast lahutust [Elektroniskais resurss] / K.Sedlenieks, A.Saulītis, K.Rolle. - Rīga : Nodibinājums "Tēvi", 2017. - 46 lpp. - E-grāmata pieejama:…

Sedlenieks, Klāvs. Tētis uz 13% : Latvijas tēvi pēc šķiršanās [Elektroniskais resurss] / K.Sedlenieks, A.Saulītis, K.Rolle. - Rīga : Nodibinājums "Tēvi", 2017. - 49 lpp. - E-grāmata pieejama:ētis_uz_13_procentiem_La…

Sedlenieks, Klāvs. Palīdzēt un atbalstīt : Latvijas tēvi ģimenes dzīvē [Elektroniskais resurss] / K.Sedlenieks, K.Rolle. - Rīga : Nodibinājums "Tēvi", 2016. - 39 lpp. - E-grāmata pieejama:īdzēt_un_atbalstīt_Lat…


Related news


Sergejs Kruks
Director of Study Programme, Academic Staff
Sandra Mihailova
Academic Staff, Director of Study Programme
Ritma Rungule
Director of Study Programme, Academic Staff
Dite Liepa
Vice-Dean, Academic Staff
Ivans Jānis Mihailovs
Director of Study Programme, Academic Staff
Alnis Stakle
Director of Study Programme, Academic Staff
Ruta Siliņa
Director of Study Programme, Academic Staff, Board Member
Taņa Lāce
Academic Staff
Vita Savicka
Academic Staff
Sanita Šuriņa
Academic Staff, Scientific assistant (acting) – doctoral student, Researcher
Ieva Puzo
Dean, Senior Researcher, Director of Study Programme